By: Allen C. Buchanan, Principal
Lee & Associates
In 2003, when California was in a world of hurt with worker’s comp rates, employers leaving the state, driver’s licenses for illegals (which all lead to Governor Gray Davis being terminated by the Terminator), we saw a huge amount of sale/leaseback activity from national corporate occupants.
Aquatics-Lasco Bathware, Akzo Nobel, Johnson Controls, Smurfit Stone, Parker Hannifin, Illinois Tool Works, Limbach…and many others sold manufacturing locations in Southern California and leased them back from the owners. Why, you may be wondering? Provide me your forbearance, while we hear from our sponsor, and I will explain my views…
I provide Location Advice to owners and occupants of industrial buildings in Southern California…AKA, I sell and lease commercial real estate for a living and have since 1984. I have been involved with many of the deals listed above which should qualify me as an expert of sorts…if I can only remember…
The two main reasons in 2003-2005 that many national (multi location) companies sold their locations and leased back, were real estate values and the business climate in Southern California. By selling the locations when the market was at its value peak and leasing back for a three to five year time frame, the companies maxed the real estate equity and could decide at the lease expiration whether to stay in California or consolidate into another location. Some stayed, but many left.
In my opinion, another perfect storm is approaching that could portend another round of sale/leasebacks…this time from closely held owners of real estate.
So, what are the reasons that a company should consider a sale/leaseback?
Values: Commercial real estate values have eclipsed all time highs in Southern California and there is a real imbalance between available properties and demand for available properties…AKA an owner’s market.
Equity is needed for business expansion: When a bank won’t loan money to an expanding business and there is equity in the company’s real estate, a sale and lease back can provide much needed expansion capital…at today’s capitalization rate…and avoid moving the company out of the location.
An acquisition: I was just asked to prepare a broker opinion of value for a company that acquired another. Along with the business purchase was the real estate that housed the operation. The company is not in the real estate business and leases their other locations. A sale/leaseback would allow the company to sell the real estate, take the proceeds and defray the acquisition cost and leave the operating unit in tact in the real estate with a lease.
A business transition within five years: If a business and location owner foresees a sale of the business within the next five years, now could be a great time to dispose of the real estate (while values are high) and lease back. The business sale (in five years) then would not be encumbered by the location. Certainly, if the new owner of the business wants to remain in the location, a lease with the new building owner can be affected.
A flight to quality: I worked with a national company a few years ago that sold and leased back for five years. Their belief was that values had peaked and their desire was for a more upscale location within five years. The structure allowed the company to achieve its goals. By the way, the company couldn’t have planned the timing ANY better…a sale in 2005 (high for sales) and a new lease in 2010 (low for leases)…BINGO!